Multiplication is a process of repeated addition while division is a process of repeated subtraction. Multiplication and division are related to each other. The questions provided at Multiplication and Division by 3 Worksheet describes the relationship between them. Students have to practice solving all the questions from Multiplying and Dividing by 3 Worksheet to prepare well for the exam.

This Worksheet on Multiplication and Division by 3 contains the questions and answers related to the multiplication table of three, multiplication facts, division facts, division, multiplication questions involving the number 3. With the help of this worksheet, students can prepare for the assignments and learn the concept thoroughly.

## Questions & Answers on Multiplying and Dividing by 3

**Problem 1:**

Write 3 times table.

**Solution:**

The multiplication table of three is mentioned here:

3 x 0 = 0

3 x 1 = 3

3 x 2 = 6

3 x 3 = 9

3 x 4 = 12

3 x 5 = 15

3 x 6 = 18

3 x 7 = 21

3 x 8 = 24

3 x 9 = 27

3 x 10 = 30

**Problem 2:**

Solve the below-provided multiplication facts.

(i) 11 x 3

(ii) 13 x 3

(iii) 15 x 3

(iv) 18 x 3

**Solution:**

(i) Given that,

11 x 3

11 times 3 is 33.

So, 11 x 3 = 33

(ii) Given that,

13 x 3

13 times 3 is 39.

So, 13 x 3 = 39

(iii) Given that,

15 x 3

15 times 3 is 45.

So, 15 x 3 = 45

(iv) Given that,

18 x 3

18 times 3 is 54

So, 18 x 3 = 54

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**Problem 3:**

Solve the following division facts.

(i) 48 ÷ 3

(ii) 27 ÷ 3

(iii) 33 ÷ 3

(iv) 51 ÷ 3

**Solution:**

(i) Given that,

48 ÷ 3

3 x 16 = 48

Therefore, 48 ÷ 3 = 16

(ii) Given that,

27 ÷ 3

3 x 9 = 27

Therefore, 27 ÷ 3 = 9

(iii) Given that,

33 ÷ 3

3 x 11 = 33

Therefore, 33 ÷ 3 = 11

(iv) Given that,

51 ÷ 3

3 x 17 = 51

Therefore, 51 ÷ 3 = 17

(i) Given that,

2 ÷ 2

2 x 1 = 2

Therefore, 2 ÷ 2 = 1

**Problem 4:**

Write two multiplication facts for each division fact:

(i) 27 ÷ 3

(ii) 18 ÷ 3

(iii) 60 ÷ 3

**Solution:**

(i) Given division fact is 27 ÷ 3

27 ÷ 3 = 9

The multiplication fact is 3 x 9 = 27, 9 x 3 = 27

(i) Given division fact is 18 ÷ 3

18 ÷ 3 = 6

The multiplication facts are 3 x 6 = 18, 6 x 3 = 18

(i) Given division fact is 60 ÷ 3

60 ÷ 3 = 20

The multiplication facts are 3 x 20 = 60, 20 x 3 = 60

**Problem 5:**

Write two multiplication facts for each division fact:

(i) 57 ÷ 3

(ii) 75 ÷ 3

(iii) 24 ÷ 3

**Solution:**

(i) Given division fact is 57 ÷ 3

57 ÷ 3 = 19

The multiplication facts are 3 x 19 = 57, 19 x 3 = 57

(ii) Given division fact is 75 ÷ 3

75 ÷ 3 = 25

The multiplication facts are 3 x 25 = 75, 25 x 3 = 75

(iii) Given division fact is 24 ÷ 3

24 ÷ 3 = 8

The multiplication facts are 3 x 8 = 24 and 8 x 3 = 24

**Problem 6:**

Write two division facts for each multiplication fact:

(i) 10 x 3

(ii) 4 x 3

(iii) 12 x 3

**Solution:**

(i) Given multiplication fact is 10 x 3

10 x 3 = 30

The division facts are 30 ÷ 3 = 10 and 30 ÷ 10 = 3

(ii) Given multiplication fact is 4 x 3

4 x 3 = 12

The division facts are 12 ÷ 3 = 4 and 12 ÷ 4 = 3

(iii) Given multiplication fact is 12 x 3

12 x 3 = 36

The division facts are 36 ÷ 3 = 12 and 36 ÷ 12 = 3

**Problem 7:**

Write two division facts for each multiplication fact:

(i) 21 x 3

(ii) 14 x 3

(iii) 34 x 3

**Solution:**

(i) Given multiplication fact is 21 x 3

21 x 3 = 63

The division facts are 63 ÷ 3 = 21 and 63 ÷ 21 = 3

(ii) Given multiplication fact is 14 x 3

14 x 3 = 42

The division facts are 42 ÷ 3 = 14 and 42 ÷ 14 = 3

(iii) Given multiplication fact is 34 x 3

34 x 3 = 102

The division facts are 102 ÷ 3 = 34 and 102 ÷ 34 = 3

**Problem 8:**

I bought 384 eggs from the store. If I give 3 boiled egg to each family, how many families can share the eggs?

**Solution:**

Given that,

The total number of eggs bought = 384

The number of eggs given to each family = 3

The number of families that shares the eggs = 384/3

Here, dividend = 384, divisor = 3

Take, the first 2 digits and divide them by 3.

12 x 3 = 36

38 – 36 = 2

Add next digit after 2 i.e 24

3 x 8 = 24

24 – 24 = 0

384/3 = 128

So, 128 families can share the eggs.

**Problem 9:**

An electronic gadget costs $1025. What will the cost of 3 such gadgets?

**Solution:**

Given that,

The cost of one electronic gadget = $1025

The cost of 3 electronic gadgets = 1025 x 3

Multiply all the numbers by 3.

= 3075

Therefore, the cost of 3 electronic gadgets is $3075.